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5 Common Blood Tests

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5 Common Blood Tests

Blood testing is one of the most important ways that healthcare professionals can better understand your overall health and wellness. The experts at Bluewater Diagnostic Laboratory are here to outline some of the most common types of blood tests and what they can tell your health care team about your body.

1. Complete Blood Count (CBC)

A complete blood count (CBC) is a blood test that measures out the different components of your blood. This includes:

  • Red blood cells
  • White blood cells
  • Platelets
  • Hemoglobin
  • Hematocrit

Typically, this blood test is given during a routine checkup to help doctors get a well-rounded view of your health, checking for abnormalities that may indicate the presence of various health issues.

2. Chemistry Panel

Getting a chemistry panel done also helps your doctor get a well-rounded view of how your body functions. A chemistry panel is made up of several different blood tests, checking for the levels of the following substances:

  • Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
  • Creatine
  • Glucose
  • Albumin
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Calcium
  • Sodium
  • Potassium
  • Chloride

Having a chemistry panel done can help doctors determine if you have issues affecting your kidneys, lungs, pancreas, and even your insulin metabolism.

3. Lipid Panel

Lipid panels are done to give your doctor a view of the cholesterol levels in your body. This can help determine if you have high cholesterol levels, which can lead to various cardiovascular health issues. A lipid panel measures:

  • Total cholesterol (TC)
  • High density lipoprotein (HDL)
  • Low density lipoprotein (LDL)
  • Triglycerides (TG)

4. Thyroid Panel

  • Getting a thyroid panel done helps evaluate the thyroid's functionality and can help diagnose thyroid issues. It can also help your doctor to determine if your course of treatment is helping to improve your condition. The blood sample is taken and tests the following:
  • TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone)
  • Free T4 (thyroxine)
  • Free T3 (triiodothyronine)
  • Total T3 (triiodothyronine)

5. STI & STD Panel

Sexually transmitted infections and diseases can also be detected by a simple blood test. While urine tests are primarily used to detect some signs of infection and disease, blood tests can check for the following:

  • HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)
  • AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)
  • Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1)
  • Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV2)
  • Syphilis
  • Hepatitis B

Diagnostics Laboratory in Louisville, Kentucky

At Bluewater Diagnostic Laboratory, we strive to offer solutions to our healthcare partners by delivering timely, accurate results with expert analysis and interpretation. As a complex molecular and clinical laboratory, we are dedicated to providing our clients with accurate patient diagnoses leading to successful treatment plans.

Call (502) 538-2980 or visit our dedicated client services page for more information.